Arts and Culture

Spanish television series The Barrier: The once and future dictatorship

By Joanne Laurier, 27 January 2021

The Barrier (La valla), a 13-episode Spanish television drama, is a valuable and convincing warning about the dangers of dictatorship and social inequality, and the terrible consequences of world war.

Screenwriter and blacklist victim Walter Bernstein dies at 101

By David Walsh, 26 January 2021

Screenwriter and blacklist victim Walter Bernstein died January 23 in New York City at the age of 101. The WSWS spoke to him in 1999. We repost that interview here.

10th annual GuadaLAjara Film Festival

No Man's Land: A strictly delimited movie about borders

By Erik Schreiber, 25 January 2021

Filmmaking brothers favor the personal and shun the political in a Western set in Texas and Mexico.

International filmmakers demand end to Israeli ban on Mohammad Bakri’s Jenin, Jenin

By Jean Shaoul, 23 January 2021

Among those supporting Bakri are British film directors Ken Loach and Asif Kapadia, Finnish screenwriter and director Aki Kaurismaki, Palestinian filmmakers Michel Khleifi and Annemarie Jacir and Israeli director Eyal Sivan.

Ferdinand von Schirach’s Enemies: German public television puts police torture up for consideration

By Justus Leicht, 22 January 2021

The German public television network ARD began the new year with a controversial programme examining the value of police using torture to compel suspects to confess.

I’m Your Woman: The problem of films not genuinely drawn from life

By David Walsh, 21 January 2021

In the 1970s, a suburban housewife in the Pittsburgh area leading a largely conventional life experiences a series of increasingly rude and dangerous shocks.

Disney’s Soul in Denmark: New York Times disapproves of a white actor dubbing a black actor’s voice

By David Walsh, 20 January 2021

The Times is unceasing in its campaign to racialize every important aspect of life in the US and globally, encouraging divisions in the population along ethnic lines and facilitating the growth of the far right.

Conductor Riccardo Muti expresses solidarity with Metropolitan Opera Orchestra musicians

By Fred Mazelis, 19 January 2021

The statement by the famed leader of the Chicago Symphony came in response to a call from the musicians, who have been without pay since last spring.

Louis van Beethoven: A German film biography of the great composer

By Clara Weiss, 18 January 2021

The movie introduces many important themes of the revolutionary epoch that shaped Beethoven as a composer and thinker, but barely develops them.

British government rejected visa-free EU touring for musicians to bolster hostile immigration policy

By Paul Bond, 16 January 2021

Musicians and promoters made it clear that the devastating impact of this move will not only be felt by current performers, but also be an obstacle to emerging performers in the future.

Magia Record, Kakushigoto, Fruits Basket and Sword Art Online: A general review of anime in 2020

By Matthew MacEgan, 16 January 2021

A total of 140 Japanese animated television series numbering more than 1,865 episodes debuted in 2020. Our critic comments on a selection of the more popular titles.

499 and Summertime at the 10th annual GuadaLAjara Film Festival

By Erik Schreiber, 15 January 2021

The most recent edition of the festival sought to convey the experience of people who have lived on both sides of the border between the United States and Mexico.

August Wilson’s Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom on Netflix: The blues is “life’s way of talking”

By Carlos Delgado, 14 January 2021

Strong performances and thrilling music power this engaging adaptation of August Wilson’s 1984 play.

George Clooney’s The Midnight Sky: Not doing a good job of looking after the planet

By Joanne Laurier, 13 January 2021

The Midnight Sky, a post-apocalyptic science fiction film directed by George Clooney, is done with some care and sensitivity, but ends up primarily as an exercise in resignation.

Death of British filmmaker Michael Apted at 79, director of Up documentary series, Coal Miner’s Daughter

By Paul Bond and Kevin Martinez, 12 January 2021

Film director Michael Apted, who died January 7, was responsible for an intriguing variety of work over his lengthy career. We are reposting here the review of 63 Up as a tribute.

The Mandalorian (Season Two): Indulging nostalgia and setting up even bigger paydays

By Matthew MacEgan, 11 January 2021

Disney and Lucasfilm aired the second season of their Star Wars television series on Disney Plus at the end of 2020, setting the stage for the launch of several spinoff series to swell the portfolios of their stockholders.

Based on a Jack London short story

The Minions of Midas: The making of a certain social type

By David Walsh, 9 January 2021

In the drama’s favor, one must say, first of all, that it is unmistakably of our day: riots in the streets, political and financial secrets concealed from the population, endless, antidemocratic machinations at the top of society.

“Remember, the lemons speak”

Obit: Poet Victoria Chang’s meditation on loss

By Erik Schreiber, 8 January 2021

In her latest volume of poetry, Chang confronts her mother’s death and seeks to understand the nature of grief while grappling with the inadequacy of language.

Unorthodox rapper and beatmaker MF Doom dead at age 49

By Nick Barrickman, 7 January 2021

Daniel Dumile was most respected and admired for the series of albums he released as the masked rap artist MF Doom.

New York Metropolitan Opera replaces orchestra members with non-Met performers

By Shannon Jones, 6 January 2021

Musicians of the Metropolitan Opera Theatre Orchestra, who have not been paid since March, were replaced by outsourced non-Met musicians at the opera’s New Year’s Eve gala.

Once Upon a River: A Native American girl wanders the waterways

By Joanne Laurier, 6 January 2021

The movie follows a Native American teenager through various trials and tribulations. Set in western Michigan in the 1970s, Once Upon a River recounts the adolescent’s supposed emotional education.

My Little Sister: Two siblings clinging together

By Bernd Reinhardt, 5 January 2021

Can love between siblings survive when a brother falls ill and needs care, while his sister enjoys life as one of society’s affluent? This is the question posed by the Swiss film My Little Sister.

John Fletcher (Ecstasy), member of pioneering rap group Whodini, dies at 56

By Nick Barrickman, 5 January 2021

Fletcher’s energetic and melodic vocals complemented the pumping synthesizer beats on Whodini’s earliest records.

German cultural institutions oppose government’s anti–BDS resolution aimed at quashing criticism of Israel

By Sybille Fuchs, 4 January 2021

On December 9, 30 German cultural institutions issued a statement opposing a resolution passed by the Bundestag seeking to silence the BDS movement.

Popular music and the social crisis in 2020

By Elliott Murtagh and J. L’Heureau, 4 January 2021

An examination of some of the most popular music in 2020 and its social backdrop.

Best films and television of the year and the devastation of cultural life

By David Walsh and Joanne Laurier, 31 December 2020

It is not possible to discuss any aspect of artistic life, or life in general, in 2020 without central reference to the COVID-19 pandemic, which the various ruling elites have permitted to ravage the world’s population.

Favorite music of 2020

By Hiram Lee and Matthew Brennan, 31 December 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic devastated the music industry in 2020. With live performances cancelled and music venues forced to shut down, vast numbers of performers were thrown out of work.

The Crown Season 4: And outside the palace?

By Paul Bond, 30 December 2020

Morgan’s attempt to portray the monarchy’s inner life in human terms successfully captures something of its corrosive impact on all concerned. He shows portions of the ugly reality.

Tribes: A short comedy film mocks identity politics

By Ed Hightower, 29 December 2020

“I want to tell this story to show that, in essence, we’re all part of the same tribe.”—Director Nino Aldi.

Ron Howard’s Hillbilly Elegy: Blaming the poor for their problems

By Carlos Delgado, 24 December 2020

The film, based on J.D. Vance’s 2016 memoir, is a bland and conformist work that ignores the sources of the social problems it portrays.

Pioneering country music singer Charley Pride (1934-2020) dies of COVID-19

By Matthew Brennan, 23 December 2020

Pride was the first African American artist to achieve major success in country music. He produced at least 30 chart-topping country songs through the late 1980s and sold over 70 million records worldwide.

Australian arts and entertainment workers devastated by coronavirus pandemic

By Martin Scott, 22 December 2020

With tens of thousands of artists and technical crew out of work, little support is forthcoming from the federal government.

Musicians and performers speak with WSWS about COVID-19

By Our reporters, 22 December 2020

“The pandemic has laid bare many things, including government claims that it has no money.”

John le Carré (1931–2020): Spy novelist and “inside-outside” man

By Stefan Steinberg, 21 December 2020

In the course of his career, le Carré was able to draw from his experiences during and after the Cold War to attract millions of readers with his carefully researched spy novels.

Sri Lankan government detains young Muslim poet on bogus charges

By S. Jayanth, 21 December 2020

Ahnaf Jazeem is the latest victim of the Rajapakse government’s anti-Muslim witch hunt and its escalating attacks on the democratic rights of writers, artists and intellectuals.

Room 2806: The Accusation—Digging up the discredited sexual assault case against French politician Dominique Strauss-Kahn

By Joanne Laurier, 19 December 2020

The case fell apart in August 2011 after prosecutors found, in their own words, that the alleged victim had been “persistently, and at times inexplicably, untruthful in describing matters of both great and small significance.”

Young Ahmed: A portrait of a youthful religious zealot—from the Dardenne brothers

By David Walsh, 18 December 2020

Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne often dramatize situations and problems they locate, as in the case of Young Ahmed, in their native region of southern Belgium, one of the oldest and most decayed industrial areas in the world.

The contemporary relevance of Ludwig van Beethoven on the 250th anniversary of his birth

By Verena Nees and Peter Schwarz, 17 December 2020

Beethoven was the most profound musical voice during a period in which humanity progressed in quantum leaps. His works are ineradicably connected with the striving for human liberation.

Bob Dylan sells his songwriting catalog to Universal for a reported $300 Million

By Matthew Brennan, 16 December 2020

The arrangement will allow UMPG, owned by the largest music company in the world, Universal Music Group (valued at $33.6 billion), to have exclusive intellectual property rights to Dylan’s music.

An appraisal of Indian film singer, S.P. Balasubrahmanyam (1946–2020)

By Shree Haran and Kapila Fernando, 15 December 2020

During his five-decade musical career, Balasubrahmanyam sought to unite musicians and artists across the Indian sub-continent.

Amin: A worker far from home

By Joanne Laurier, 12 December 2020

Amin is a subdued, thoughtful look at the condition of migrant workers who break their backs in the metropolitan countries to feed their families in their native lands.

Met Opera locks out stagehands while New York Philharmonic musicians take major pay cuts

By Fred Mazelis, 12 December 2020

Two of the best known musical organizations in the US and worldwide have stepped up their efforts to make the musicians and staff pay for the unprecedented crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

New York Times, Washington Post feminist critics disparage The Queen’s Gambit

By Fred Mazelis, 11 December 2020

The Netflix series ignores identity politics, in favor of a humane and unselfish view of life.

The Love Song of J. Robinette Biden

By Steven Brust, 10 December 2020

A satirical poem by the novelist Steven Brust on identity politics and the election of Democrat Joseph Robinette Biden.

Mank: Screenwriter Herman Mankiewicz and the writing of Citizen Kane

By David Walsh, 10 December 2020

Mank is a biographical drama about screenwriter Herman J. Mankiewicz and his role, or purported role, in the creation of Citizen Kane, the first film directed by and featuring Orson Welles.

Zappa: New documentary attempts to demythologize composer, multi-instrumentalist

By Kevin Reed, 9 December 2020

The documentary about the iconoclastic musician Frank Zappa, who died at age 52 in 1993, presents him as an artist torn between the need to earn a living as a rock music star and his desire to compose more complex and serious orchestral works.

76 Days: On the front lines of the coronavirus battle in Wuhan

By David Walsh, 8 December 2020

The documentary was one of the best movies at this year’s Toronto film festival. It contained some of the most authentic and memorable drama. The documentary is now available on “virtual cinema” platforms in the US.

Borat Subsequent Moviefilm: The joke’s on who?

By Ed Hightower, 7 December 2020

Writer-performer Sacha Baron Cohen cannot resist mocking even the most undeserving targets, including a Holocaust survivor who tries to disabuse the title character of his (feigned) anti-Semitism.

Adu: A young African boy on a perilous journey

By Joanne Laurier, 5 December 2020

Adu is a hard-hitting Spanish film about the global refugee crisis, dramatizing its vast dimensions through the travails of a young boy as he makes a life-threatening journey throughout Africa.

And Breathe Normally from Iceland: Two women in conditions “when everything is going wrong”

By David Walsh, 4 December 2020

There are not that many films in which a director captures accurately and artistically the “everyday” pressures of working class life.

Adulkt Life’s Book of Curses: Indie veterans make a new beginning

By Erik Schreiber, 3 December 2020

On their debut album, Adulkt Life pay tribute to their musical influences and confront a world in acute crisis.

Music and aerosols: What the research reveals about the performing arts during a pandemic

By Benjamin Mateus, 2 December 2020

The Skagit Valley Chorale rehearsal on March 10 was one of the nation’s first super-spreading events. A University of Colorado study provided a critical recognition that the virus that caused COVID-19 spread predominately in the aerosol form.

The Queen’s Gambit: The coming of age of a chess prodigy

By Matthew Brennan and Fred Mazelis, 1 December 2020

This Netflix offering treats its subject with uncommon seriousness and humanity.

Utopia and the cartoonishness of “conspiracy theories”

By Carlos Delgado, 30 November 2020

The world is not shaped by the hidden machinations of elites, but by social development, the development of the class struggle.

Company Town: a damning look at the role of Unifor in the GM Oshawa plant closure

By Lee Parsons, 28 November 2020

The film follows events from the time of the closure announcement in November, 2018 until the final day of production a year later.

“Any return to ‘normality’ is a long way off”: Musicians and technicians speak to the WSWS

By John Newham, 27 November 2020

Several British artists and performance technicians spoke to the World Socialist Web Site about the impact of the pandemic on them and their work.

British government’s pandemic response threatens art and culture

By Paul Bond, 27 November 2020

The initial wage furlough scheme made no provision for self-employed and freelance workers, who make up the bulk of arts workers. When the government did eventually introduce its Self-Employed Income Support Scheme, many artists did not benefit.

Famed Turkish pianist, composer Timur Selçuk dies at 74

By Nazım Özgün, 26 November 2020

Selçuk was a prominent example of the layer of Turkish intellectuals who turned to the working class amid the political radicalization and social struggles of the 1970s.

Jeff Riedel, photographer and fighter for socialism: 1968-2020

By Fred Mazelis and Kevin Reed, 24 November 2020

An immensely gifted artist, Jeff Riedel’s photographic work combined exceptional technical skill with social insight.

Refugees season at the Imperial War Museum in London: A century of crises, but the real causes ignored

By Paul Mitchell, 24 November 2020

As to the causes of the continuous refugee crises over the last century, the exhibition answers with the obvious “conflict”, “modern war”, “threats of violence” and “social breakdown” but this begs the question, what causes these phenomena?

Trial 4: A shameless police frame-up in Boston

By Joanne Laurier, 24 November 2020

Trial 4 is an eight-episode documentary television series, currently streaming on Netflix that examines the case of Sean Ellis, a black teenager wrongly convicted of the 1993 murder of police officer John Mulligan.

F. Scott Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise at 100

By James McDonald, 23 November 2020

The 1920 novel rewards the contemporary reader with its psychological complexity, with Fitzgerald’s characteristically glittering lyrical sentences and with his equally characteristic trenchant insight into American class society.

Sri Lankan artists discuss COVID-19 and its impact on their creative work, living conditions

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 21 November 2020

Musical performances, theatre, film and teledrama production, book exhibitions and similar activities have almost entirely come to a halt. Kapila Kumara Kalinga and Malaka Devapriya spoke to the WSWS about the situation.

The Endless Trench: Hiding for decades from the Spanish fascists

By David Walsh, 20 November 2020

The film fictionally treats an actual phenomenon, the dozens or more of left-wing opponents of Franco, known as “moles,” who concealed themselves in their own homes for 30 years following the defeat of the Republican forces in 1939.

Jacob Lawrence: The American Struggle—A remarkable exhibition

By Clare Hurley, 19 November 2020

A timely and long overdue exhibition of Struggle: From the History of the American People reunites this remarkable series of paintings by Jacob Lawrence, the famed African-American artist, for the first time since they were completed in 1956.

Italian actress Sophia Loren returns to the screen in The Life Ahead

By Fred Mazelis, 18 November 2020

The 86-year-old actress remains a magnetic presence in this worthwhile film.

German artists, cultural institutions fight for survival in COVID-19 crisis

By Stefan Steinberg, 17 November 2020

German artists and cultural institutions fear bankruptcy and destitution as the coronavirus crisis deepens and the government refuses to allocate adequate funding.

A conversation with musician, producer Fabrizio Grossi about the pandemic and its impact: “Short of a global revolution, I don’t see a solution”

By Marc Wells and David Walsh, 16 November 2020

Fabrizio Grossi is a veteran bassist, producer and music consultant, sometimes referred to in the media as “legendary.”

Re-release of Bong Joon-ho’s Memories of Murder (2003): A picture of South Korean society

By David Walsh, 14 November 2020

An early film by South Korean writer-director Bong Joon-ho (Parasite) has been released over the course of the past year in a number of countries—and now in the US. It is well worth seeing.

Belly of the Beast: The cruelty of forced sterilization in America

By Joanne Laurier, 13 November 2020

Belly of the Beast is a documentary on practices carried out at female penitentiaries in California.

Orchestra, opera musicians face severe pay cuts, furloughs, uncertainty in the midst of the pandemic

By David Walsh, 12 November 2020

Management at various orchestras, operas and other cultural organizations are taking full advantage of the COVID-19 crisis to press forward with their demands as part of an offensive for pay and other cuts under way for more than a decade.

Cobra Kai: The reboot of The Karate Kid film series

By Nick Barrickman, 11 November 2020

The series’ initial airing in May 2018 on YouTube’s platforms became the widest-viewed digital programming on the internet for that month. Since appearing on Netflix, the series has become the platform’s most popular program.

Which direction next? New albums from Khruangbin—Mordechai—and Sault—Untitled (Black Is)

By Matthew Brennan, 10 November 2020

Two interesting music groups in the recent period have been the rock and funk trio Khruangbin out of Houston Texas, and the British soul and funk collective known as Sault.

Rebecca (2020) and Rebecca (1940): A new film version of the popular novel, and the old one

By David Walsh, 9 November 2020

The Netflix film is an adaptation of Daphne du Maurier’s 1938 novel of the same title, which was previously made into a film in 1940, directed by Alfred Hitchcock.

More than just James Bond: Sean Connery (1930-2020)

By Paul Bond, 7 November 2020

Strikingly attractive and hard-edged, Connery’s suave and imposing presence gave the character much of its authority.

Three short films–including The Present, about the brutality of Israeli checkpoints

By Joanne Laurier, 5 November 2020

Oppression of the Palestinians, child hunger and the COVID-19 pandemic are dealt with in two short films and an hour-long documentary.

Collected Ghazals: Poet Jim Harrison regains spontaneity through a fixed verse form

By Erik Schreiber, 4 November 2020

Harrison’s eclectic approach to the ghazal produced collage-like poems that combine personal and social concerns.

A conversation with Rick Poynor, author of David King: Designer, Activist, Visual Historian

By David Walsh, 3 November 2020

In mid-October, we reviewed a significant new work, David King: Designer, Activist, Visual Historian, by Rick Poynor, a writer in the UK on graphic design and visual communication. The WSWS recently spoke to Poynor.

Pianist Igor Levit joins rally against far-right Alternative for Germany in Potsdam

By Ulrich Rippert, 2 November 2020

Only days after several German newspapers published vicious denunciations of Igor Levit, the world renowned pianist participated in a rally against the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) in Potsdam.

The Hummingbird Project: Speed is of the essence

By David Walsh, 31 October 2020

Two cousins intend to shave milliseconds off the time it takes to make stock market trades and thus earn themselves a fortune.

Priceless artefacts vandalised in Berlin museums

By Stefan Steinberg, 29 October 2020

While the police investigate “in all directions,” there is considerable evidence to indicate the involvement of far-right forces in the attacks.

The World Socialist Web Site strives to raise the cultural level of the working class

By David Walsh, 28 October 2020

The remarks below were given by David Walsh, arts editor of the World Socialist Web Site.

The Nightingale: Australia’s brutal colonial past exposed

By Jason Quill, 27 October 2020

Jennifer Kent’s film follows Irish convict Clare Carroll through the Tasmanian wilderness in 1825, as she seeks revenge for a terrible act of violence committed against her family.

An audio adaptation of Sinclair Lewis’s It Can’t Happen Here: Fascism comes to America

By Carlos Delgado, 27 October 2020

The production, a “radio play” adaptation of Sinclair Lewis’s 1935 novel, depicts the US’s descent into dictatorship after the election of a demagogue.

Whose Vote Counts, Explained: Netflix series examines voting rights in America

By Fred Mazelis, 26 October 2020

Like all basic democratic rights, the right to vote can only be defended through the independent political struggle of the working class.

Right-wing press in Germany steps up attacks on pianist Igor Levit

By Ulrich Rippert, 26 October 2020

The Süddeutsche Zeitung editorial board’s initial defence of its article, as well as subsequent articles in Die Welt, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung and Neue Zürcher Zeitung, reveal that these leading newspapers share essentially the same line as the far right Alternative for Germany.

Aaron Sorkin’s The Trial of the Chicago 7: An important historical episode

By Joanne Laurier and David Walsh, 24 October 2020

The film deals with the court proceedings in 1969–70 in which organizers of protests at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago faced charges of conspiracy and crossing state lines with the intent to incite a riot.

The pianist Igor Levit and the defense of culture against fascism

By David North and Clara Weiss, 22 October 2020

Levit has emerged as a powerful voice against the resurgence of neo-Nazism in Germany, which finds its most putrid expression in the growing political power of the Alternative für Deutschland.

On the brink: A photographic examination of social cleansing in London

By Paul Mitchell, 22 October 2020

“My aim is to focus on existing council properties that have been neglected due to the lack of maintenance. It’s imperative to showcase the decay of these buildings as it’s been a deliberate strategy to run them down.”—photographic artist Sarah Douglas

Further signs of the “devastating impact” of the pandemic on arts and artists: What are the implications?

By David Walsh, 21 October 2020

The ongoing destruction of the jobs, incomes and aspirations of tens of thousands of artists of every kind in the US and elsewhere has a significance that goes beyond the immediate cultural sphere.

The Social Dilemma: The “curse” of social media

By Joanne Laurier, 20 October 2020

The Social Dilemma is a docudrama hybrid that explores, according to its creators, “how social media is reprogramming civilization” in a dangerous direction.

Guitarist Eddie Van Halen dead at age 65

By Kevin Reed, 19 October 2020

Eddie Van Halen, the renowned electric guitarist with the popular rock band Van Halen, died in Santa Monica, California, at age 65 on Oct. 6.

Rick Poynor’s David King: Designer, Activist, Visual Historian: An important new work on the revolutionary socialist, artist and defender of historical truth

By Kevin Reed and David Walsh, 16 October 2020

If David King is not better known, it is attributable largely to the shift to the right in so-called intellectual circles, their hostility to the October Revolution and their growing social indifference.

Tesla: The cognizable, knowable scientist and visionary

By Joanne Laurier, 15 October 2020

Written and directed by Michael Almereyda, Tesla is a drama about the life of Serbian-American engineer and physicist Nikola Tesla (1856-1943), a remarkable figure. Ethan Hawke plays Tesla.

More than three-quarters of event workers have lost all of their income

Live music industry in the US faces “massive collapse” due to pandemic

By David Walsh, 14 October 2020

The devastation has implications that go beyond even the immediate economic situation, as desperate as that is. The coronavirus crisis is threatening to wipe out a considerable portion of cultural life in the US.

The Artist’s Wife: A portrait of the artist as an aging semi-entrepreneur

By Joanne Laurier, 12 October 2020

The Artist’s Wife looks at a successful painter’s life. The artistic personality continues to fascinate the public. But does the film shed much light on the phenomenon?

Keyboard virtuoso Rick Wakeman returns to outer space, progressive rock with The Red Planet

By Kevin Reed, 10 October 2020

Wakeman has released a new progressive rock album in advance of the 50th anniversary of the first successful orbit of Mars by a man-made probe.

New study throws light on Nazi past of Berlin film festival’s founder

By Stefan Steinberg, 9 October 2020

Alfred Bauer (1911-1986) was not the only prominent film personality to cover up his or her connections to the Nazi regime.

Toronto International Film Festival 2020: Part 4

Contemporary politics, but semi-hysterical politics: New Order, Shorta and others

By David Walsh, 8 October 2020

The position of contemporary filmmaking in relation to contemporary political and social realities is very poor. Little of the advanced, convulsive state of things comes through in the films currently being made.

Tens of thousands laid off as major exhibitor Cineworld closes movie theaters in US and UK

By Matthew MacEgan, 7 October 2020

The world’s second-largest movie theater chain announced that it will close over 600 locations this week, resulting in the loss of employment for 45,000 workers.